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环境政治与法律.Environmental.Politics.and.Law 第11讲

【字幕翻译】周禾
【字幕校对】燕子 nknymphet
【对应版本】环境政治与法律11.Safety.Claims.and.Free.Speech.Preemption.and.Defamation
【字幕下载】环境政治与法律11.Safety.Claims.and.Free.Speech.Preemption.and.Defamation

【内容简介】This lecture presents three cases: Bates v. Dow, a lawsuit brought by peanut growers against the producers of a pesticide that degraded their soil; the Alar case, in which environmental organizations and the media successfully pressured EPA to ban a carcinogenic pesticide used on apples; and the Texas Cattlemen’s Association’s lawsuit against Oprah Winfrey for her coverage of Mad Cow Disease. Using these three cases, Professor Wargo discusses the legal concepts of preemption and defamation. He gives an overview of their origin and use in regulating agriculture and protecting human health and the environment. Through the Texas Cattlemen’s Association case, he shows the effect of state “veggie libel” laws on free speech..
本课主要分析了三件案例。首先是贝茨诉道琼斯案。因为农药使土壤退化,于是种花生的农民奋起起诉农药生产商。其次是阿拉尔案。环保组织与媒体合力施压,最终成功迫使环保局禁止了果农对苹果施加致癌农药。最后一则案例,由于德克萨斯州养牛协会对奥普拉·温弗瑞的疯牛病报道不满而向她提出了诉讼。
通过这三则案例分析,沃戈教授讨论了优先取代权和诽谤的法律概念。他概述了两者的起源,以及它们在规范农业和保护人类健康与环境方面的应用。通过德克萨斯州养牛协会的诉讼案,他探讨了食品诽谤法对言论自由产生的效应…
注:
优先取代权在此指:(在某些全国性问题上)联邦法优先(于州法的)原则;
(在某一特定领域)州法优先(于地方法的)原则

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